Machairas Park in the Pitsilia Region contains over 600 plant species, including 27 indigenous to Cyprus. The dominant forest trees are the Calabrian pine (Pinus brutia), the native Golden oak (Quercus alnifolia) and other shrubs. The fauna includes foxes, hares and hedgehogs, snakes, lizards and rare endemic species of butterflies. Birdlife in the Park includes the Bonelli’s Eagle, the Cyprus Warbler, the Cyprus Wheatear, the Coal Tit, the Scops Owl, the Jay and the common Chukar and Wood Pigeon. The two most important streams of Cyprus, Pediaios and Yialias, spring from the Park as well as the two streams of Pentaschinos and Maroni.

The current situation is as follows:
Picnic areas: There are 3 picnic areas in the park with tables, drinking water, parking places, toilets and children’s playgrounds.
Nature trails: In total there are 5 trails in the area of the park running along a route of 19 km. One of these trails has been designed to be used by people in wheelchairs too. All trails have information signs listing the main points of special interest.
Bicycle tracks: A number of forest parks is being used for the sport of Mountain Biking.